Crop Management (Cultivation conditions and methods)
Wheat can grow in different soils ranging from sandy to heavy types. Good soil drainage is a key factor for good productivity. Heavy, deep, humus-rich, well-aerated soils with a high water capacity and a pH between 5.5 and 7.5 are preferable. Nutrient-rich clay and black earth soils are ideal.
Of all cereals, it is the most widely adapted; the highest yields. It develops best at temperatures of 10-24°C and therefore in warm climates it is grown at high altitudes or during the cold season.
Typical irrigation needs are 400 mm rainfall equivalent in a season. Water availability is more important for germination and initial crop growth and development. Irrigation is also very critical during pollination in order to produce good grain quality.
Soil should be subject to soil analysis for nutrient availability.
Rain-fed wheat is harvested in late spring (April-May) while irrigated wheat is harvested from May until June.
Mechanized mainly on big farms.